Thursday, November 1, 2007

Communication Via Internet Languages:

The late 1980s saw some of the first breakthroughs in creating websites taking place at CERN. It led to a boost in popularity of the internet as a medium of communication and broadcaster of information. A new stratum of professionals emerged who became indispensable to businesses with their skills in harnessing this newly unleashed media.

GML or General Markup Language was the first ever language these
web developers used for composing web pages. It was influenced by Script which pioneered the concept of styles being separated from the marked up document. GML allowed for processing same source files to produce books, reports and electronic editions. A drawback of this language was it was limited to only document formats.

SGML or Standard General Markup Language was then introduced, which proved to be an intermediary for manipulating and exchanging text documents. SGML, in turn was used as a base for another language, HTML or Hypertext Markup Language, which allowed the developers to use fixed tags for composing a website. SGML’s more recent descendant, XML or Extensible Markup Language, allows users flexibility in terms of defining their own tags.

XML, made new kinds of Java based applications possible.
JavaScript, a scripting language [not to be confused with the programming language Java], allowed an individual to add new elements and attributes to a webpage, besides re- structuring options, without having to know any other complex languages. JavaScript also enabled a shift from static HTML displays.

Ajax [Asynchronous JavaScript and XML] is another JavaScript based programme, which reveals and updates parts of a web page as a systematic process. The attributes of Web 2. 0 can be seen in such a programme where interaction between the user and the web site is made possible. Google Maps is a good example of Ajax techniques.

Our website packaging at
Cosmos Creative Services includes graphic design, coding of web pages and interactive web applications. We use languages like HTML, XML, JavaScript, etc. to make this possible. This enables the website to be easily accessed to by search engines.


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